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Agustus 14, 2022

Gigitan ular menjadi lebih umum

 

Ular berbisa

Gigitan ular menjadi lebih umum, Peningkatan kepemilikan hewan peliharaan yang eksotis berarti cedera gigitan ular

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menjadi lebih umum di Inggris, para dokter memperingatkan. Dalam 11 tahun terakhir petugas medis telah melihat dan merawat 300 korban.

Sekitar 72 pasien adalah remaja atau anak-anak – 13 di bawah usia lima tahun.Sebagian besar orang yang digigit sembuh total,

tetapi beberapa harus di rawat di perawatan intensif. Satu pasien membutuhkan sebagian jari mereka di amputasi, dan satu orang meninggal.

Dia adalah seorang konservasionis reptil yang telah di gigit oleh king cobra – ular berbisa terpanjang di dunia.

Berukuran sekitar 13 kaki panjangnya, ular ini bisa naik atau “berdiri” untuk mencapai ketinggian mata orang dewasa. Bisa ular adalah racun saraf yang dapat menghentikan pernapasan dan detak jantung korban.

Mereka yang melihat kejadian itu mengatakan bahwa, setelah digigit, pria itu terhuyung-huyung “seolah-olah mabuk” dan kemudian pingsan.

Raja kobra

Saksi mencoba menyadarkannya sambil menunggu ambulans tiba. Meskipun diberi 10 botol antivenom oleh layanan darurat,

dia meninggal karena serangan jantung. Mungkin saja dia memiliki reaksi alergi terhadap antibisa tersebut, kata dokter dalam jurnal Clinical Toxicology .

Penjaga ular amatir yang kehilangan sebagian jarinya karena jaringannya mati juga di obati dengan antibisa. Mereka telah di gigit oleh spesies ular kobra Mozambik yang sangat berbisa.

Meludah kobra

Mereka di anggap sebagai salah satu ular paling berbahaya di Afrika.

Taring mereka bisa menyemburkan racun hingga tiga meter, dan gigitannya bisa mematikan.

Menurut Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia, ada lebih dari 250 spesies ular berbisa – sebagian besar berasal dari Asia, Afrika, Amerika Latin, dan Oseania.

Inggris memiliki tiga spesies ular asli – penambah, ular rumput dan ular halus. Hanya penambah yang berbisa.

Memelihara beberapa reptil eksotis sebagai hewan peliharaan bukanlah hal yang ilegal. RSPCA menyarankan orang untuk meneliti sebanyak mungkin

tentang apa yang di perlukan sebelum membelinya, karena merawatnya dengan benar bisa jadi menantang.Jika Anda memiliki piton peliharaan,

misalnya, ia menyarankan: “Jangan pegang piton Anda setelah memegang mangsa karena ular mungkin mencium bau makanan dan mencoba menggigit; cuci tangan dengan baik terlebih dahulu.”

Dalam studi tersebut, para peneliti mencatat 321 gigitan ular eksotis dari 68 spesies berbeda antara 2009 dan 2020. Dari mereka yang di gigit, 15 memiliki gejala parah.

Ini lebih sering dari pada yang di catat sebelumnya oleh Layanan Informasi Racun Nasional Inggris antara 2004 dan 2010, kata mereka, meskipun gigitan masih jarang terjadi.

Salah satu penulis penelitian, Prof David Warrell dari Universitas Oxford,

mengatakan: “Sebagian besar gigitan ini terjadi pada jari, tangan, dan pergelangan tangan setelah interaksi penanganan

yang di sengaja oleh orang-orang yang memelihara ular sebagai bagian dari pekerjaan atau hobi mereka.”

Prof Nicholas Casewell adalah di rektur Pusat Penelitian & Intervensi Gigitan Ular di Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

Dia mengatakan penting untuk membedakan antara ular berbisa dan yang tidak berbisa, seperti ular jagung, yang banyak di jual di toko hewan peliharaan High Street.

Ular, seperti hewan lain yang menggigit, bisa menjadi hewan peliharaan yang aman.

Kepemilikan banyak spesies berbisa memerlukan lisensi khusus di Inggris, yang berarti anak-anak tidak boleh menanganinya.

“Orang yang memelihara yang berbisa harus berhati-hati dan memiliki rencana mitigasi jika mereka di gigit,” kata Prof Casewell. Dia menambahkan bahwa gigitan adder asli di Inggris sangat jarang.

“Anda dapat menemukan penambah di beberapa daerah pesisir – bagian tenggara, Wales utara dan Yorkshire Moor. Kebanyakan ular tidak agresif. Anda harus sangat disayangkan digigit.

“Kadang-kadang seseorang mungkin menginjak satu dan di gigit. Atau mereka mungkin mengambilnya tanpa menyadari itu penambah. NHS memiliki akses ke antivenom yang berbeda untuk keadaan darurat yang langka ini.”

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